The Epoch Times reporter Liang Shu reported) The S386 proposal to cancel the technical immigration green card country restrictions failed to pass the US Senate on Thursday (19th). Civil society said the bill was controversial because it would turn the benefits to one country, India, once it would seriously damage the US’s skilled and immigrant population. At present, the non-governmental forces opposed to the bill are gathering in Washington, DC, hoping to win more votes from members before the bill is voted again next week.
The full name of the bill is the “2019 High Technology Immigration Equity Act,” originally proposed by Utah Senator Mike Lee. The House of Representatives (Version H.R. 1044) was passed by 365:65 on July 10. The bill has now been supported by 35 members of the two parties.
After seeing this bill with the word “fairness”, many people in the legal profession think that it is not only lacking in fairness but also challenging the tradition of diversification of skilled immigrants in the United States because it requires the removal of national restrictions on such immigration applicants. I hope to reduce the large backlog of green card applications.
According to the current law, the United States approves more than 1 million green cards per year, including a total of 140,000 skilled immigrant green cards, and a technical immigration quota of 7% for each country.
Since each country receives the same quota, some foreigners, especially those who file a large number of skilled immigrant applications, can wait up to 20 years.
For many years, Indian applicants have accounted for the vast majority of US skilled immigrant applications. In contrast, the number of applications in other countries is much smaller, far below the upper limit of 7%.
The S386 bill calls for the removal of restrictions on state quotas so that the applicants for skilled immigrants receive the green card in the order of the application date, not the nationality.
Analysis of the S386 motion by civil organizations
According to the data analysis of the 2018 Congressional Research Service Report, the Multinational Coalition says that if S386 is adopted, it means that in the next 10 years (2023-2033), the Indian population will almost cover all of it. The number of skilled immigrants in the United States, “This will say goodbye to the tradition of diversified US skilled migration.”
They said that the removal of 7% of nationality restrictions would increase discrimination against US-based technical talent, and continue to allow Indian outsourcing companies such as Tata, Infosys and Cognizant to abuse US technology visas and immigration policies to US technical talent. Damaged.
The organization analyzed that the fundamental problem with S386 is that India has managed to exceed the 7% limit every year in getting a green card for skilled immigrants. “Those wealthy companies use H-1B visas to make profits for themselves. Many Indian applicants use H-1B’s loopholes and fraudulent methods, hoping to pass legislation to remove quota restrictions on them.
“Before Congress, wisely limit national quotas to 7% to protect the diversity of our immigration policies and prevent any country from monopolizing US green cards.
“If S386 is passed and becomes law, the immigration of the United States in the next 10 years will come from a single country, and the US green card will be monopolized by a country.”
The relationship between skilled immigrants and H1-B visas
The multinational alliance said that the United States is the world’s most open policy country in terms of accepting scientific and technological immigrants. Among all types of US work visas, H1-B is the most popular applicant and the most controversial type of visa.
H1-B is the product of the US Immigration Act of 1990, which was signed into law by former President George W. Bush in November 1990. It allows individuals with “special skills” to enter the United States, receives short-term employment, and serve in the “special occupations” field.
However, the law has a more broad definition of “having special professional talents” and only refers to those who “have special theoretical and practical experience in certain areas beneficial to human development.”
Although H-1B is considered a non-immigrant visa, owners can have an immigration tendency in the US – they can apply for a green card while working legally with an H-1B visa.
Currently, the annual approval of H-1B visas in the United States is limited to 85,000. Applicants from all countries decide whether they can get a visa by drawing lots.
According to data provided by the US Department of Homeland Security, the majority of H-1B holders in recent years have come from India, and they are engaged in a single IT career. Take 2014 as an example. 70% of H1-B holders are Indians.
Cognizant, a multinational consulting and outsourcing service provider, has been the main beneficiary of the H1-B policy for nearly 20 years. It has continuously sent IT engineers from India to American high-tech companies, and the technical talents of other countries have been squeezed more. Outside the door.
Most Indian workers with H-1B visas receive a minimum wage of $60,000 a year, which is significantly lower than the median wage level of US skilled workers – $100,000. This has affected the employment opportunities of American workers and has not improved over the years.
Data from multinational alliances also show that many Indian workers with H-1B visas are not “high-tech” talents but middle-skilled. Most of them only have a bachelor’s degree from India, not a higher education degree in the US or other developed countries.
Due to the low cost of skilled workers in India, many US technology companies have applied for a large number of H-1B visas for such workers, which has squeezed the success rate of applicants from other countries, including those who have obtained higher education in the United States.
At the same time, because many H-1B Indian workers applied for a technical immigration green card, the waiting time for all applicants was extended, resulting in a large backlog of cases.
Civilian forces want to stop the passage of the bill
Residents of the Maryland State of Maryland told the Epoch Times that several times when her American brand computer failed and called the service hotline, it was stunned by an operator with a strong Indian accent.
“I feel very obvious that my call was transferred to India because I usually call during the non-office hours in the US at the time of the call. I am not discriminating against others, but the other is very difficult to understand English, not only for my hearing. The suffering has also lengthened the time to solve the problem and become inefficient. This has also affected the credibility of the US IT industry.”
She said that many friends and colleagues have similar experiences.
For all of these reasons, many civil society organizations and individuals are spreading the content analysis of the S386 bill and social media, such as Twitter and Facebook, and the possible negative consequences. They are gathering more voices, raising objections to state legislators and members of Congress, and hope that Congress will open a “public debate” on the bill. After all, it will involve the structure of the US immigrant population in the next 10 years and beyond. as a result of.
The Senate will vote again next week.
After the S386 bill failed to pass the Senate on Thursday, the sponsor, Senator Mike Lee, hoped to bypass the voting session and pass the Senate directly through the Unanimous Consent. The “no-objection vote” is a Senate system. If no senator raises an objection on the spot, there is no need to hold a hearing on the motion, bypassing one vote and directly passing it.