Along with the series of actions taken by the United States to completely ban Huawei and prepare to block other Chinese technology companies, more and more international commentators have pointed out that the so-called Sino-US trade war is far beyond the scope of trade, and the “Technology Iron Curtain” is about to fall. The Cold War has begun.
Bloomberg News analyzed that the US restrictions on Huawei will force China to further self-reliance in science and technology, and certainly will not hesitate to “burn money” to gain an advantage. The British “Guardian” also commented that the Sino-US Huawei dispute shows that the United States hopes to curb Beijing’s attempt to acquire geopolitical hegemony with technology.
In the past few decades, China has gradually stepped out of the world’s sweatshops and overtakes the world’s advanced countries in the field of technological innovation. China’s political one-party dictatorship has not seemed to be an obstacle to technological innovation as it has been estimated by the outside world. On the contrary, in some cases, even the widespread use of sensitive technologies has cleared the way.
The latest annual report of the National Science Foundation (NSF) shows that although the United States still leads the world in scientific engineering (S&T) and scientific research and development (R&D) investment, China’s catch-up speed in this area is also amazing. Experts pointed out that although in many high-tech fields, the United States still has an absolute advantage, such as chips, computer software, etc., China’s total venture capital investment in high-tech fields, as of the end of 2018, has been insufficiently different from Silicon Valley (Shibuya). 6 billion US dollars.
China has already achieved a leading position in some fields through what the United States calls “state monopoly capitalism” or “national system.”
China’s technological development is similar to that of becoming an Olympic gold medal power, thanks to the “national system” of science and technology development that China’s top management has been demanding.
From the 1950s, China shouted the slogan of “Super-British Beauty”, the “Industrial Upgrade” after the 2008 financial crisis, and the “Made in China 2025” strategy introduced in 2015. The advanced Western countries including the United States have always been China. Strive to exceed the goal.
It is difficult for the outside world to judge simply what the strength of China’s science and technology is. However, some scientific and technological news announced by China in recent years has sensationalized the world, but it can explain China’s momentum of competing with the West in the field of science and technology.
Huawei, the world’s largest manufacturer of communications equipment, the second-largest mobile phone manufacturer, is also the world’s leading company in communications 5G technology. Huawei has the most patents in 5G technology.
On April 12 this year, US President Trump had a speech at the White House: “A safe 5G network will definitely affect the prosperity of the United States in the 21st century and national security. 5G will change our work, study, communication and travel. The way will make American farmers more productive, American manufacturing more competitive, and American health care better and more popular.”
“In such a powerful future industry, we cannot allow any country to surpass the United States.”
“The 5G competition is a competition that the United States must win. We can’t rest, and the competition is far from over. American companies must lead the world in cellular mobile communication technology. It is necessary to prevent 5G networks from being stolen by the enemy.”
Trump’s speech indirectly acknowledged the backwardness of the United States in 5G technology.
China launches the world’s largest single-caliber radio telescope
The new battlefield of the US-China technology game: the big battle of supercomputing power
“Don’t Stop Eavesdropping” China Launches World’s First Quantum Science Satellite Mozi
China announces the successful landing of the “Chang’e IV” and realizes the first visit of the human detector to the back of the moon
The competition between China and the United States for research and development of supercomputers has been going on for several years.
China’s supercomputers “Tianhe No. 2” and “Shenwei·Taihu Light” have topped the list of the world’s top 500 supercomputers for five consecutive years.
China’s new generation of billions of supercomputers “Tianhe No.3” is expected to be successfully developed in 2020.
The US Department of Energy announced on May 7 that it will work with supercomputer maker Cray Inc. to build the world’s fastest billion-level supercomputer Frontier in 2021.
Genetic editing baby
On November 26, 2018, He Jiankui, an associate professor at Southern University of Science and Technology, announced that a pair of genetically edited babies named Lulu and Nana was born in China. Since this pair of twins has been modified, it is naturally resistant to HIV after birth. The news quickly stirred up the uproar and shocked the world.
Before He Jiankui announced the first genetically edited baby with AIDS, Chinese scientists have been at the forefront of research in large animal models such as genetically edited monkeys and cloned monkeys and pigs.
The birth of genetically edited babies in China shows that the Chinese government is lacking in the regulation of genetically edited infants. It also shows that Chinese scientists have more gray areas than Western scientists in terms of technological advances that may break through the ethical, moral, and human rights bottom lines. However, there are many legal and ethical constraints.
Artificial intelligence AI
Although China still has a gap between the key indicators of artificial intelligence in basic research, chips, and talents, China is at the forefront of the world in the use of artificial intelligence.
The most telling problem is face recognition technology. When Western countries discuss whether the face recognition technology constitutes a violation of civil rights, human rights, and privacy, China’s face recognition technology has begun to apply to much social life. Aspect: In 2017, China has launched a face recognition toilet paper machine to control the use of toilet paper by high-tech means. In addition, unmanned retail convenience stores have also emerged as a result of technology.
The most criticized by Western countries is that China uses face recognition technology to strengthen control over Xinjiang Uyghur ethnic minorities, saying that China uses this technology to “monitor sensitive populations” across the country.